Información sobre la salud: una revisión de la literatura existente sobre YouTube como fuente de información sanitaria

Revista de Comunicación y Salud

e ISSN 2173 1675 · Publicada por la Cátedra de Comunicación y Salud Universidad Complutense de Madrid

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Palabras clave

YouTube
información para la salud
información médica en YouTube
información médica en internet
e-health YouTube
health information
healthcare information on YouTube
healthcare information on internet
e-health

Cómo citar

Betancourt, A., Campillo, N., & Mieres, C. (2021). Información sobre la salud: una revisión de la literatura existente sobre YouTube como fuente de información sanitaria. Revista De Comunicación Y Salud, 11, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.35669/rcys.2021.11.e207

Resumen

El objeto de esta investigación es evaluar la literatura académica existente sobre el uso de YouTube como fuente de información médica. Para ello, se ha realizado una revisión de la literatura disponible en la base de datos PubMed. Se seleccionaron los artículos publicados entre enero de 2017 y abril de 2020, cuyas técnicas de investigación incluyesen análisis de contenido y revisiones de vídeos de acceso abierto colgados en YouTube. Resultados: el 40% de los artículos revisados tienen como objeto de estudio la información sobre una enfermedad o afección; la mediana de vídeos analizados por artículo es de 94; los criterios de puntuación más empleados son DISCERN (n=16), seguido de JAMA y de escalas GQS; la mayor parte recoge análisis de variables descriptivas intrínsecas a cualquier vídeo de YouTube, complementadas con indicadores propios para determinar su popularidad; en la revisión predominan los contenidos calificados como poco fiables y de baja calidad, particularmente aquellos subidos por canales no especializados. Esta revisión concluye que es necesario mejorar los contenidos médicos y sanitarios en YouTube, especialmente en los que respecta a la calidad, fiabilidad y utilidad de los vídeos, así como la presencia de fuentes profesionales e instituciones médicas en la plataforma.

https://doi.org/10.35669/rcys.2021.11.e207
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Citas

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